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Home > Know Your Rights > Right to work under NREGA
FAQ's | Landmark Judgements | Legal Frameworks

FAQ's

Q1.  What is meant by the right to work?

A1.  Right to work is a fundamental right provided to all citizens of India by the Constitution of India. It is an essential part of the right to life. It means that every citizen of India has a right to earn his living and have an adequate means of livelihood. It is the duty of the Government to ensure that every citizen of India who is capable to work gets the job to sustain himself and his family.

 

Q2.  What is meant by NREGA?

A2.  NREGA or the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a law passed by the Parliament of India in 2005. It seeks to provide a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work. The law also fixed a minimum wage requirement for the work.

 

Q3.  How is it useful for poor people?

A3.  NREGA is a very useful employment scheme of the Government. It gives the poor  unemployed people a legal right to get at least 100 days of work per year. It gives them the guarantee to be employed for at least 100 days in a year and earn a minimum wage as fixed by the Government. It is useful for the poor because it gives them some amount of social and financial security and also empowers them to fight for their right to work in case it is denied to them. It also will result in improving the purchasing power of the poor and improve their living conditions.

 

Q4.  I am a labourer without any fixed source of income. How do I get work under NREGA?

A4.  You have to first register yourself with the Gram Panchayat in your village. You can do so in writing or just orally telling the officials about your willingness to work. The Gram Panchayat will issue a Job Card to you. It will have your details and photograph. After receiving your job card, you will submit an application for employment to the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat will give you a receipt of the application. It is a guarantee of providing you work within 15 days of the receipt of your application for employment.

 

Q5.  What if I don’t get work within 15 days of application?

A5.   Under the NREGA scheme, employment is to be given within 15 days of application for work. However, if it is not provided to you within that period then you are eligible to get daily unemployment allowance by the Government. It is up to the State Government to decide the amount of unemployment allowance but it cannot be less than 1/4 of the minimum wage for the first 30 days, and not less than 1/2 the minimum wage thereafter.

 

Q6.  I enrolled myself under NREGA, but if the work given to me is far from my village. How would I be able to save anything as I have to live away from home? What is the minimum wage paid per day?

A6.  Under NREGA, work is ordinarily provided within 5 km radius of the village in which you reside. In case work is provided beyond 5 km, extra wages of 10% are payable to meet additional transportation and living expenses. So, you can easily save money even if you are working away from your village. Minimum wage under NREGA is Rs. 130 per day per person. However, it varies from State to State as it is determined by the State Government, but it cannot be less than Rs. 130 a day.

 

Q7.  Are women also entitled to get work under NREGA?

A7.  Yes, women are completely entitled to get work. Infact, under NREGA, women have been given 30 percent share in the employment. It provides that at least one-third of the workers should be women who have registered to work under the scheme.

 

Q8.  What kinds of work are provided to the workers under NREGA and who manages them?

A8.  Under NREGA, it’s basically the infrastructure development work that is provided. Workers are required to work on construction sites of dams, canals, roads, industrial units, afforestration projects, soil conservation projects etc. It’s mostly the Gram Panchayat which is responsible for the execution of the work along with concerned government departments.

 
 
 
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